By Scott Keith - The First Missteps: Melanchthon was the consummate tinkerer and was never completely satisfied with anything he authored. Directly after the presentation of the Augsburg Confession and the publication of the Apology, Melanchthon began to make changes to the Augsburg Confession. These changes have become known as the Variata, or Altered Augsburg … Continue reading A Man of Trouble
By Scott Keith - We All Love a Good Controversy The late 1520s brought controversy to the budding Lutherans and Melanchthon. Among them was what would come to be known as the Antinomian Controversy. Johan Agricola, a colleague and preacher, had begun to argue that the Law no longer needed to be preached to Christians … Continue reading Freewheeling Libertine or Law Dog?
By Scott Keith - By Order of the Emperor To develop a united front against the Turks, Emperor Charles V decreed that an imperial diet would convene at Augsburg to deal with the "evangelical problem," among other things. The emperor announced that the diet would convene on April 8, 1530. Prior to the diet, the … Continue reading The Birthday of the Lutheran Church
By Scott Keith - Early Days at Wittenberg Contrary to popular opinion, Melanchthon never served as a parish pastor. Unlike Luther, he was not known as a preacher. But as John Schofield points out in his work Philip Melanchthon and the English Reformation, his 1519 Bachelor of Divinity degree earned at Wittenberg and his appointment … Continue reading Work, Work, Work
By Scott Keith - Luther Under the Ban Melanchthon Hard at Work In 1521—the same year Melanchthon married his wife—at the Diet of Worms, Martin Luther was convicted of heresy and placed under a Papal bull and an imperial ban. The ban meant that he was an outlaw and could be killed or imprisoned on … Continue reading Melanchthon’s Magnum Opus
By Scott Keith - Early Life and Education: Philip(p) was born to George and Barbara Schwarzerdt in Bretten in 1497. Philip had four siblings: Anna (1499), Georg (1500 or 1501), Margarete (1506), and Barbara (1508). All were born in his grandparents’ house in the Electoral Saxon Residential town of Bretten. Melanchthon's father, Georg Schwarzerdt, born … Continue reading Meeting Melanchthon: The Early Years
By Scott Keith - Yesterday I taught a class on Philip Melanchthon at St. John's Lutheran Church in Frasier, Michigan. At the end of class, I was asked if I would recommend a short biography on Melanchthon suitable for a layperson. Sadly, I said no. Most of the short biographies are out of print and … Continue reading Meeting Melanchthon